The church in the age of Constantine : the theological by Johannes Roldanus

By Johannes Roldanus

Referring to biblical necessities to old cosmology and anthropology and offering versions for mirrored image on inculturation, this e-book e-book offers a elegant theological screening of the doctrinal and moral pondering throughout the fourth century.

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Their measures may be seen as the final step in their policy of religious restoration and alignment. Galerius hated the Christians and wanted to exterminate them; Diocletian rather aimed at their marginalisation, saving as many lives as possible. Diocletian seems to have asserted his will, since the persecution was carried out gradually, by the following succession of decrees: 1 2 3 4 destruction of Christian buildings and books; deprivation of prominent Christians of all their rights and liability to expropriation, slavery and torture; apprehension of members of the clergy; coercion of clergy to sacrifice, in order to set an example of subjection; extension of the order of sacrificing to all Christians (issued only in 304).

This approach implied a fundamental role for reflection and resolution, that is to say, for an activity of reason, and for knowledge as well. ‘Care for yourself’ was, so to say, the watchword, which meant doing justice to the better and more valuable element of yourself, the immortal soul. Such a watchword implied restraining one’s impulses and emotions, which were seen as irrational and carrying away from the very goal of life. Christian thinkers appreciated this philosophy because of its earnest character and its appeal to the responsibility of the individual.

From his deathbed on 30 April 311 he promulgated 32 Crisis and recognition an Edict of Tolerance, which reveals the typical Roman conception of the function of religion and even draws the permission of Christian worship into this traditional, contextual view. The text is, therefore, very interesting, especially when it is compared with the Declaration of Milan of two years later. ’ To stop this, was the aim of the persecution. , because of the persecution). ’11 We hear the Emperor reasoning as follows: because of the tenacity of so many Christians on the one hand, and of the impediment of their assemblies by the Government on the other, a substantial part of the Empire’s subjects does in fact abstain from worshipping gods at all.

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