Flexible Stones: Ground Stone Tools from Franchthi Cave, by Anna Stroulia

By Anna Stroulia

Regardless of their ubiquitous presence between prehistoric continues to be in Greece, flooring stone instruments have not begun to draw an identical form of awareness as produce other different types of archaeological fabric, resembling pottery or lithics. versatile Stones offers a close research of the fabric came upon in the course of the excavations at Franchthi Cave, Peloponnese, Greece. nearly 500 instruments, the uncooked fabric used for his or her manufacture, in addition to the byproducts of such manufacture have been chanced on. such a lot of this assortment comes from the Neolithic element of the site—including a small variety of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic cases—with loads of the studied instruments indicating a number of makes use of. Anna Stroulia sees the multifunctional personality of those instruments as a wide awake selection that displays a versatile angle of software makers and clients towards instruments and uncooked fabrics. A CD-Rom with 209 extra plates is incorporated.

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Additional resources for Flexible Stones: Ground Stone Tools from Franchthi Cave, Fascicle 14, Excavations at Franchthi Cave, Greece

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14), FAN:142, and FAN:143 (both discoidal flakes similar to those found in Upper Mesolithic deposits). They are presented as part of the Neolithic group Active miscellanea 2 (set 2 and set 8). They may have ended up in Neolithic deposits when picked up by Neolithic inhabitants of the site. NOTES 1. 1 that the span of one of the four samples used for the dating of lithic phase VI (P-2232) overlaps the Uncal. P. dates for lithic phase V. 2. For experimental and ethnographic examples of the use of unmodified pebbles and cobbles in such a context, see de Beaune 1989a; González and Ibáñez 2002:74–76; Ibáñez Estévez and González Urquijo 1996:68–75; Roux 1985:51.

It contains part of a face (‘A’ in illustration) that is flattened from active abrasive use. 6 cm long). Part of a rounded end (‘B’ in illustration) and of a flatter side (‘C’ in illustration)—both of the same texture as A—are also preserved. , stone) passive surfaces. The soft edges and the shiny appearance suggest that the surfaces of FS 378 were perhaps involved in rubbing hides (to make them soft, smooth, shiny, and flexible)2 or wood. It is true that there is nothing abrasive enough on the hide surface to scratch the active tool used to rub it.

6). 5 cm. It is an a posteriori limestone tool with a roughly trapezoidal plan and two roughly oval sections. Its two roughly parallel, slightly convex faces show some red traces close to the longer of the two ends (A) of the tool, where they are also battered. This wear is probably the result of an active percussive use in a pigment-related task. 7 cm. It has a rough and regular texture, having been used in an abrasive and/or light percussive manner against a passive surface that was probably concave.

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