Dictionary of scientific biography, vol 7 by C Coulston Gillispie

By C Coulston Gillispie

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Sample text

S . Acteon came to Japan in 1861 and asked the shogunate for permission to survey the coastline . In Japan xenophobia was at its peak, and the government thought it unsafe to grant the permission . Instead it gave the British a copy of Inn's map . The British found the coastline described with sufficient accuracy for them to be satisfied with measuring only the depth of the surrounding seas. After the Meiji Restoration, with the new government anxious to build a modern nation, an accurate map of Japan became a necessity for reasons both of prestige and of foreign trade .

Ipatiev trained many chemists, including, in the Soviet Union, G . A . Razuvaev, B . L . Moldavsky, E . I . Shpitalsky, A . D . Petrov, A . V . Frost, B . N . Dolgov, and V . V . Ipatiev, and, in the United States, H . Pines, R . Barvell, and L . Schmerling . Ipatiev wrote 350 papers and took out 200 patents . phosphorus was contributed by Istvan Romer, a Hungarian manufacturer, who in 1832 applied in Vienna for a patent for this process . In 1835, Irinyi, while still a student, had the idea of substituting lead oxide for the potassium chlorate .

Dolgov, and V . V . Ipatiev, and, in the United States, H . Pines, R . Barvell, and L . Schmerling . Ipatiev wrote 350 papers and took out 200 patents . phosphorus was contributed by Istvan Romer, a Hungarian manufacturer, who in 1832 applied in Vienna for a patent for this process . In 1835, Irinyi, while still a student, had the idea of substituting lead oxide for the potassium chlorate . He thereby obtained an explosionless, noiseless, and smoothly igniting match whose head consisted of white phosphorus, lead oxide, and sulfur .

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