By Trevor A. Kletz
The booklet is a set of approximately four hundred techniques and observations on defense and loss prevention, illustrated by means of money owed of injuries, and in accordance with the author's a long time of expertise in construction and safeguard. The goods, as a rule brief, are prepared alphabetically and cross-references are supplied. many of the goods take care of gear akin to valves and tanks; a few are the names of areas, comparable to Flixborough and King's go the place injuries have happened; a few are the names of abstractions akin to administration and inspection: a number of are the names of individuals or corporations similar to DuPont or ICI. The booklet is written in a readable variety and is meant for examining, or dipping into, and never only for use as a piece of reference. there's a bias in the direction of approach safeguard, because the writer spent his occupation within the chemical undefined, however the perspectives replicate his managerial adventure in addition to his adventure as a full-time safeguard adviser. The e-book will hence be priceless to all who paintings in layout, operations and upkeep in addition to defense pros. the aim of the publication is to avoid injuries through spreading the information the writer has received in the course of a long time in at the the explanation why injuries take place and the motion had to hinder them
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No one remembers what has happened in the past, and no one in days to come will remember what happens between now and then. Ecclesiastes 1: 9, 11. Whatever happens or can happen has already happened before. Ecclesiastes 3: 15. If you dig a pit you fall in i t . . If you work in a stone quarry, you get hurt by stones. If you spUt wood, you get hurt doing it. - Ecclesiastes 10: 8-9. See repeated accidents. (Are things as) Black as they seem? 41 The need for clear instructions Write down cleariy on clay tablets what I reveal to you, so that it can be read at a glance.
Asymptotes can be illustrated by the story of the engineer who wooed a reluctant lady mathematician. She suggested that he stood some distance away and with each step halved the distance between them. As a mathematician she knew that they would never meet but as an engineer he knew that he would soon get near enough for all practical puφoses. How near is 'near enough'? Attenuation Attenuation is one of the methods of achieving inherently safer design. If we have to use or store large quantities of hazardous materials then we should use or store them, whenever possible, in the least hazardous form.
I have previously presented some information on risk in various ways that may be easier to understand than One in 10000 per year'. For example, I assumed that there was a tax on risks proportional to the size of 36 Avoidance of risk the risk. 80 per week 2 ρ (due to the saccharin) 20 ρ per year (due to radiation) Chest X-ray Working in the chemical industry Working in the steel industry Diet soft drink Living near nuclear power station 1. British Medical Association, Living with Risk, Wiley, Chichester, 1987 2.