Continuum Thermodynamics by Germain P., Nguyen Q.S., Suquet P.

By Germain P., Nguyen Q.S., Suquet P.

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The higher the pressure, the higher the saturation temperature. The graphical representation of this relationship Figure 5 Vapor Pressure Curve between temperature and pressure at saturated conditions is called the vapor pressure curve. A typical vapor pressure curve is shown in Figure 5. The vapor/liquid mixture is at saturation when the conditions of pressure and temperature fall on the curve. Saturated and Subcooled Liquids If a substance exists as a liquid at the saturation temperature and pressure, it is called a saturated liquid.

Sublimation also has an opposite process in which a gas goes directly to solid, but this process is not normally referred to with a unique term. Summary The important information from this chapter is summarized on the following page. HT-01 Page 38 Rev. 0 Thermodynamics CHANGE OF PHASE Change of Phase Summary • Classification of Properties Intensive properties are independent of mass (temperature, pressure, or any specific property) Extensive properties are a function of the mass of the system (mass, volume) • Rev.

The coldest temperature achievable with a mixture of ice and salt water was selected as the zero point of the Fahrenheit scale. The temperature at which water boils was set at 100 on the Celsius scale and 212 on the Fahrenheit scale. The relationship between the scales is represented by the following equations. 0)(5/9) (1-6) It is necessary to define an absolute temperature scale having only positive values. The absolute temperature scale that corresponds to the Celsius scale is called the Kelvin (K) scale, and the absolute scale that corresponds to the Fahrenheit scale is called the Rankine (R) scale.

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