Communication and expression in hoofed mammals by F.R. Walther

By F.R. Walther

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More about intention movements will be said in chapter 3.  The difficulties lie (a) in the distinction between this sort of "built­in" triggering of a response and "aiming" at a response, and (b) in the question of whether and to what extent this triggering of a response by a structure "built­in'' for the purpose should be considered to belong to communication. , Lorenz 1935, Eibl­Eibesfeldt 1970) usually unite such physical and behavioral structures with intention movements and other expressive displays within the same major category: the social releasers.

For the present discussion, however, the conception of conscious intention in the sender's aiming at the recipient's response does not appear to be absolutely necessary and may be left aside by those readers who are unwilling to accept it, since there is enough evidence that this aiming can be brought about without conscious intention.  More about intention movements will be said in chapter 3.  The difficulties lie (a) in the distinction between this sort of "built­in" triggering of a response and "aiming" at a response, and (b) in the question of whether and to what extent this triggering of a response by a structure "built­in'' for the purpose should be considered to belong to communication.

On the contrary, it was probably the other way around.  The subordinate withdraws (recipient's response), whereupon the dominant ceases his display (influence of the recipient's response on the sender's behavior). ) "softest" and easiest section by beginning with the last part. " In such and similar cases we may notice with a certain satisfaction that our definition is not applicable; it is precisely these eases which we wish to exclude from our discussion.  For the moment, it may be enough to say that such cases belong to the—in a sense outlined above—peripheral realms of communication.

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