By Carol M. Eastman
The twelve papers featured during this publication concentrate on codeswitching as an city language-contact phenomenon. a few papers search to differentiate codeswitching from different touch phenomenon resembling borrowing or language blending, whereas others examine the impression codeswitching has on one's place in society. The papers talk about such issues because the politics of codeswitching, the position of utilizing a couple of language in social identification, attitudes towards multi-language use, and how codeswitching may perhaps ensue as a neighborhood norm. The editor, Carol Eastman, can also be writer of "Aspects of Language and Culture", "Language Planning", and "Linguistic concept and Language Description".
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Extra info for Codeswitching (Multilingual Matters)
11) Setting: Three young men from different ethnic groups are discussing problems in getting home at night. Luo man: Tu-ta-ku-pat-i-a escort mpaka nyumbani. ) < previous page page_33 next page > < previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 (Nairobi conversation No. g. Berk-Seligson, 1986; Backus, 1990; they are discussed at length in Nortier, 1990 and also in Myers-Scotton, forthcoming, b). My speculation is that 'bare forms' are a type of 'speech error', resulting when an EL content morpheme is accessed under the command of an ML lemma.
Treffers-Daller refers to Muysken (1990) for a more detailed discussion in regard to codeswitching of how syntactic properties may derive from the lexicon. 13. Of course those English-origin verb stems showing no final vowel also violate Bantu phonotactics which call for open syllables only. 14. In many codeswitching data sets, some single CS forms show 'double morphology'. g. ma-watchmen in Swahili/English codeswitching). An argument as to why the EL affix is not 'active', but simply accessed as part of the EL stem, appears in Myers-Scotton forthcoming.
Batakutroubler. ) We can also exclude untranslatability as a motivation for switching here. There are of course terms which correspond to this pattern, like hôpital, inspecteur, radio. These usually concern very specialised terms or the names of organisations or associations which have been accepted and standardised (inter)nationally. Force Publique du Congo Belge, wafrères de Notre Dame, province ya Kivu etc. These can be considered as residual terms, from the colonial period. Reasons such as economy can also play a part in this, and then one can speak of partial untranslatability; a Swahili alternative is available but is judged unsuitable as it is a more difficult solution.