Classical FORTRAN: programming for engineering and by Michael Kupferschmid

By Michael Kupferschmid

University textual content, self-study advisor, and reference approximately programming desktops to do calculating utilizing FORTRAN, the unique and nonetheless so much widely-recognized language for engineering and clinical purposes.

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Extra info for Classical FORTRAN: programming for engineering and scientific applications

Sample text

A typical system for representing character data in a non-Oriental language must include the following symbols: 1. The 26 uppercase letters A through Z 2. The 26 lowercase letters a through z 3. The 10 digits 0 through 9 4. , ~, @, #, $, %, ^, &, and *. 5. Any special letters or symbols required by the language, such as à, ç, ë, and £. Since the total number of characters and symbols required to write Western l­anguages is less than 256, it is customary to use 1 byte of memory to store each character.

Some programmers use other styles to write Fortran programs. For example, Java programmers who also work with Fortran might adopt a Java-like convention in which keywords and names are in lowercase, with capital letters at the beginning of each word (sometimes called “camel case”). Such a programmer might give this program the name myFirstProgram. This is an equally valid way to write a Fortran program. It is not necessary for you to follow any specific convention to write a Fortran program, but you should always be consistent in your programming style.

If a statement is too long to fit onto a single line, then it may be continued on the next line by ending the current line (and optionally starting the next line) with an ampersand (&) character. For example, the following three Fortran ­statements are identical: output = input1 + input2 ! Sum the inputs output = input1 & + input2 ! Sum the inputs 2 24 chapter 999 output = input1 & & + input2 2 2: Basic Elements of Fortran ! Sum the inputs Each of the statements specifies that the computer should add the two quantities stored in input1 and input2 and save the result in output.

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