By Adam Roberts, Timothy Garton Ash
Civil resistance--non-violent motion opposed to such demanding situations as dictatorial rule, racial discrimination and overseas army occupation--is an important yet inadequately understood characteristic of worldwide politics. specially throughout the peaceable revolutions of 1989, it has helped to form the realm we are living in. Civil Resistance and gear Politics covers lots of the prime circumstances, together with the activities master-minded by means of Gandhi, the U.S. civil rights fight within the Sixties, the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979, the 'people energy' insurrection within the Philippines within the Eighties, the campaigns opposed to apartheid in South Africa, many of the pursuits contributing to the cave in of the Soviet Bloc in 1989-91, and, during this century, the 'colour revolutions' in Georgia and Ukraine. The chapters, written through prime specialists, are richly descriptive and analytically rigorous. This e-book addresses the complicated interrelationship among civil resistance and different dimensions of energy. It explores the query of even if civil resistance can be visible as possibly exchanging violence thoroughly, or as a phenomenon that operates along side, and amendment of, energy politics. It appears to be like at circumstances the place campaigns have been repressed, together with China in 1989 and Burma in 2007. It notes that during a number of circumstances, together with Northern eire, Kosovo and Georgia, civil resistance hobbies have been via the outbreak of armed clash. additionally it is a bankruptcy with new fabric from Russian information exhibiting how the Soviet management spoke back to civil resistance, and a accomplished bibliographical essay. Illustrated all through with a notable collection of pictures, this uniquely wide-ranging and path-breaking research is written in an available variety and is meant for the final reader in addition to for college kids of recent heritage, Politics, Sociology and diplomacy.
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Extra info for Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present
This approach necessarily involves a focus on the interface between civil resistance and power politics. Those who developed the idea from the late 1950s onwards were inXuenced by the dangers and moral costs of reliance on nuclear deterrence to seek an alternative defence policy. 19 This work exposed a core problem for the idea of defence by civil resistance. It may indeed be true that when a country falls under the control of a major foreign power or is faced with a coup d’e´tat by its own armed forces, civil resistance can be one means of undermining the threat.
16 The US civil rights movement inspired other non-violent struggles. It was one inspiration for the protests in Northern Ireland, 1967–72, against discrimination and Protestant domination of the political system, although the protesters lacked a charismatic non-violent leader and non-violence was primarily tactical. The Northern Irish civil rights movement is therefore peripheral in the civil resistance literature. 17 Non-violent activists became more involved later, in combating the ensuing sectarian conXict.
26 April Carter G A N D H I A N D T H E L I T E R AT U R E O N N O N -V I O L E N T R ES I S TA N C E The historical turning point for both the practice and the theory of civil resistance is Mahatma Gandhi, whose campaigns in South Africa in 1906–14, and in India in 1919–48, put non-violent methods on the political map. There are earlier examples of social movements using non-violent tactics and some examples of national liberation campaigns based on ‘passive resistance’, for example in Hungary 1849–67 and Ireland before the 1916 Easter Uprising.