Chalcolithic Cyprus by Kenneth Hamma, James W. Flanagan

By Kenneth Hamma, James W. Flanagan

This choice of papers offers the symposium held on the Getty Museum in February 1990. contemporary archaeological excavations supply facts that Cyprus had nice cultural and monetary significance through the bronze age. The members speak about elements of the bronze age as they relate to Cyprus and to the jap Mediterranean. subject matters contain the economic system of the interval, its foundation within the exploitation of metals and stone, Cyprus's foreign impression on exchange and faith, and facts of that impression via interpretation of archaeological websites and artifacts.

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C. The objects from Vounous are nearly all of arsenical copper and all contain some arsenic, in contrast to the Chalcolithic objects, of which over half contain no arsenic. 5 percent arsenic. If that piece really does date to EC IB, it is the earliest tin bronze yet known from Cyprus. , but its content of tin, arsenic, gold, and silver are all very similar to those of EB II tin bronze objects from Troy, which presumably date a few hundred years earlier. C. They all contain tin and arsenic, two being tin bronzes.

Delibrias, Guillier, and Labeyrie 1974: 54-55). 1991 METALS AND METALLURGY 39 Fig. 1. Map of the Middle and Near East and the eastern Mediterranean, showing sites mentioned in the text. C. C. , in press). In most cases there is little evidence that those objects represent anything beyond the "trinket" metallurgy stage of hammered native copper. C. in the Balkans. , there are not only the graphitepainted wares and terracotta figurines typical of the Karanova VI Gulmenitsa culture, but also copper awls and pins and crucibles and copper slags (Renfrew 1973: 473-81; McGeehan-Liritzis and Gale 1988).

The latter are the earliest examples of a synthetic material from the Mediterranean region and they arrived as part of developing exchanges with the Levantine mainland. Their advent soon after in the Aegean to the west (Foster 1979: 34, 56-59) is hardly likely to have been fortuitous. neat southern facade was flattened, its entrance jambs carefully thickened and its masonry pecked flat in rustic technique on its inner face. In situ wall collapse provides evidence for a stone wall almost 2 m high, by far the tallest recorded Chalcolithic elevation.

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