Great Minds: Reflections of 111 Top Scientists by Balazs Hargittai

By Balazs Hargittai

During the Nineteen Nineties and the 2000s, Istvan, Balazs, and Magdolna Hargittai performed 1000s of interviews with major scientists in physics, chemistry, fabrics, and biomedical learn. those interviews seemed in numerous guides, together with Chemical Intelligencer, Mathematical Intelligencer, and Chemical Heritage. In four-thousand pages of interviews, the Hargittais had conversations with over 100 Nobel laureates, in addition to many different best minds and personalities in a variety of clinical fields.
Now, in one quantity, the Hargittais have collected the easiest and so much awesome moments of those interviews, making a survey of the previous, current, and way forward for technological know-how, as instructed via probably the most influential individuals of many clinical disciplines. Figures like James D. Watson, Francis Crick, and Glenn T. Seaborg percentage their techniques in those pages, in a set that comes with sixty eight Nobel Laureates. with no exaggeration, their backgrounds come from all around the globe: scientists from the U.S., the uk, Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, and Taiwan are featured. those interviews talk about the various so much favorite debates and matters in brand new clinical weather. Great Minds is a synthesis of medical proposal, as advised through essentially the most striking scientists of the 20th and twenty-first centuries.

Show description

Continue reading

Leading Personalities in Statistical Sciences: From the by Norman L. Johnson, Samuel Kotz

By Norman L. Johnson, Samuel Kotz

A desirable chronicle of the lives and achievements of the lads and girls who helped shapethe technology of statistics

This handsomely illustrated quantity will make mesmerizing analyzing for scientists, mathematicians, and technology heritage buffs alike. Spanning approximately 4 centuries, it chronicles the lives and achievements of greater than one hundred ten of the main well-liked names in theoretical and utilized statistics and chance. From Bernoulli to Markov, Poisson to Wiener, you can find intimate profiles of girls and males whose paintings resulted in major advances within the parts of statistical inference and idea, likelihood idea, executive and fiscal facts, scientific and agricultural statistics, and technology and engineering. to assist readers arrive at a fuller appreciation of the contributions those pioneers made, the authors vividly re-create the days during which they lived whereas exploring the most important highbrow currents that formed their considering and propelled their discoveries.

Lavishly illustrated with greater than forty genuine images and woodcuts
* contains a complete timetable of records from the 17th century to the current
* good points edited chapters written by means of seventy five specialists from world wide
* Designed for simple reference, encompasses a detailed numbering scheme that fits the topic profiled together with his or her specific box of interestContent:

Show description

Continue reading

Hacker Cracker: A Journey from the Mean Streets of Brooklyn by David Chanoff

By David Chanoff

Some of the most gripping but inconceivable tales spawned by means of the pc revolution, Hacker Crocker is a vintage American-dream luck tale set at the razor fringe of excessive expertise. Ejovi Nuwere takes the reader at the roller-coaster trip of his notable existence, from the bullet-riddled, drugged-out streets of 1 of America's such a lot infamous ghettos to a digital international the place identities shift and paranoia ideas, the place black-hat hackers and white-hat sleuths confront one another via day and turn roles at evening within the ongoing warfare to regulate America's such a lot delicate desktops. it's a tale of an African American boy coming of age within the new millennium, a narrative that vibrates with the subjects of yankee lifestyles, these we all know and people we're simply commencing to glimpse.Like different local children within the Bedford-Stuyvesant local of Brooklyn, Ejovi Nuwere grew up between thugs and drug purchasers. while he was once 11, he helped shape a gang; whilst he used to be twelve, oppressed through the violence round him, he tried suicide. In his huge, nuclear family, one uncle used to be a profession legal, one a graduate pupil together with his personal laptop. by the point Ejovi used to be fourteen, he used to be spending as a lot time at the machine as his uncle in university used to be. inside of a 12 months he used to be good on his solution to a hacking occupation that will lead him to 1 of the main audacious and in all probability harmful laptop break-ins of all time, mystery till now.Along the way in which, Ejovi stumbled on time to turn into a kickboxing champion and an aspiring actor. ahead of he accomplished highschool he was once combining those objectives along with his hidden existence within the hacker underground and an more and more trendy occupation as a working laptop or computer defense advisor. on the age of 22 he used to be a most sensible safeguard professional for one of many world's greatest monetary homes whilst his lifestyles used to be eternally altered within the cataclysm of September eleven, 2001.Hacker Cracker is without delay the main candid revelation up to now of the darkish secrets and techniques of our on-line world and the easy, unaffected tale of an inner-city kid's conquer shattering odds to accomplish remarkable luck. This riveting autobiography is a Horatio Alger story for our occasions: an exciting, scary, and finally uplifting tale of survival and accomplishment.

Show description

Continue reading

Inside The Centre: The Life of J. Robert Oppenheimer by Ray Monk

By Ray Monk

Robert Oppenheimer used to be one of the such a lot extraordinary and divisive of guys. As head of the Los Alamos Laboratory, he oversaw the profitable attempt to overcome the Nazis within the race to advance the 1st atomic bomb—a leap forward that was once to have everlasting ramifications for mankind and that made Oppenheimer the “Father of the Atomic Bomb.” yet along with his activities best as much as that fab success, he additionally set himself on a deadly collision path with Senator Joseph McCarthy and his witch-hunters. In Robert Oppenheimer: A lifestyles contained in the Center, Ray Monk, writer of peerless biographies of Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell, is going deeper than any prior biographer within the quest to unravel the enigma of Oppenheimer’s motivations and his advanced character.
     The son of German-Jewish immigrants, Oppenheimer was once a guy of extraordinary highbrow attributes, pushed via an ambition to beat his prestige as an intruder and penetrate the guts of political and social existence. As a tender scientist, his expertise and force allowed him to go into a group peopled through the nice names of twentieth-century physics—men similar to Niels Bohr, Max Born, Paul Dirac, and Albert Einstein—and to play a task within the laboratories and school rooms the place the realm used to be being replaced eternally, the place the secrets and techniques of the universe, no matter if inside of atomic nuclei or collapsing stars, printed themselves.
     yet Oppenheimer’s direction went past one in all assimilation, clinical luck, and global popularity. the consequences of the discoveries at Los Alamos weighed seriously upon this fragile and complex guy. within the Nineteen Thirties, in a weather already thick with paranoia and espionage, he made suspicious connections, and within the wake of the Allied victory, his makes an attempt to withstand the escalation of the chilly warfare hands race led many to query his loyalties.
     via compassionate research and with towering scholarship, Ray Monk’s Robert Oppenheimer tells an unforgettable tale of discovery, secrecy, very unlikely offerings, and incredible destruction.

Show description

Continue reading

Julian Steward and the Great Basin: the making of an by Richard O. Clemmer, L. Daniel Myers, Mary Elizabeth Rudden

By Richard O. Clemmer, L. Daniel Myers, Mary Elizabeth Rudden

JULIAN STEWARD AND the nice BASIN is a serious evaluate of Steward's paintings, the criteria that stimulated him, and his deep influence on American anthropology. Steward (1902-1972) was once one of many prime American exponents of cultural ecology, the concept that societies evolve in model to their human and common environments. He used to be additionally important in shaping simple anthropological constructs similar to "hunter-gatherer" and "adaptation." yet his fieldwork came about nearly solely within the nice Basin. in a single experience, the stages of Steward's profession epitomize the successive colleges of anthropological idea and perform. each one bankruptcy explores a distinct point of his paintings starting from early efforts at documenting trait distributions to his later position within the improvement of social transformation concept, region reports, and utilized anthropology. JULIAN STEWARD AND the nice BASIN additionally corrects long-standing misperceptions that originated with Steward approximately lifeways of the Indians dwelling among the good Plains and California. It charts new instructions for learn, challenging a extra exacting examine of environmental stipulations, fabric variations, and organizational responses, in addition to an appreciation of the ideological and humanistic dimensions of Basin existence.

Show description

Continue reading

J. D. Bernal: The Sage of Science by Andrew Brown

By Andrew Brown

J.D. Bernal, referred to as "Sage," used to be a unprecedented guy and multifaceted personality. A scientist of surprising highbrow skill and a number one determine within the improvement of X-ray crystallography, he used to be a polymath, a fervent Marxist, and lots more and plenty favourite all over the world. even if he himself by no means gained a Nobel Prize, numerous of his unusual scholars went directly to achieve this, together with Dorothy Hodgkin, Max Perutz, and Aaron Klug. Andrew Brown has had unheard of entry to Bernal's papers and diaries, and this biography contains formerly unpublished fabric on Bernal's function in the course of the moment global struggle. Bernal not just replaced the process technology, yet used to be witness to (and frequently a player in) ancient occasions (the Easter uprising, the nice Strike, the anti-fascist flow and pacific reasons, civil safeguard, RAF bombing approach, the making plans for D-Day, post-war rebuilding, and nuclear weapons.) one of many few males acquainted with Downing road, the White condo and the Kremlin, he left interesting debts of Churchill, Stalin, Mao Zedong, Louis Mountbatten and Picasso, in addition to the century's maximum scientists. Brown's compelling account covers all facets of Bernal's incredible, colourful, and bohemian existence, and introduces this towering determine of twentieth century technology to a large viewers.

Show description

Continue reading

Hilbert-Courant by Constance Reid

By Constance Reid

If the lifetime of any twentieth century mathematician might be acknowledged to be a heritage of arithmetic in his time, it's that of David Hilbert. To the enchanted younger mathematicians and physicists who flocked to check with him in Goettingen sooner than and among the realm Wars, he appeared arithmetic personified, the very air round him''scientifically electric.'' His remarkably prescient concept in 1900 of twenty-three difficulties for the arriving century set the process a lot next arithmetic and continues to be a feat that no scientist in any box has been in a position to reproduction. while he died, Nature remarked that there has been scarcely a mathematician on this planet whose paintings didn't derive from that of Hilbert.

Constance Reid's vintage biography is a relocating, nontechnical account of the passionate clinical lifetime of this man-from the early days in Koenigsberg, whilst his innovative paintings used to be brushed off as ''theology,'' to the golden years in Goettingen sooner than Hitler got here to energy and inside of a number of months destroyed the complete Hilbert university.

Show description

Continue reading

Rosalie Bertell: Scientists, Eco-Feminist, Visionary (Women by Mary-Louise Engels

By Mary-Louise Engels

Dr. Mary-Louise Engels' attractive publication discusses Rosalie Bertell from a feminist, environmental activist viewpoint. it's a energetic portrait of 1 woman's dedication to maintaining a fit global setting. A twin American-Canadian citizen, Bertell entered the spiritual order of the gray Nuns, accomplished a doctorate in biometrics, and have become an impassioned peace activist. This striking lady has been a lifelong fighter for environmental and human wellbeing and fitness, and an suggest for women's participation in decision-making approximately battle, peace, and the surroundings. within the Nineteen Seventies, Dr. Bertell performed an immense function in opposing the development of nuclear reactors, and in drawing consciousness to the future health damages suffered by means of uranium miners and the "atomic veterans" people nuclear bombing and trying out. In Canada, her learn supplied facts on kid's well-being dangers, illness within the nice Lakes, and the influence of toxins on indigenous groups within the Canadian North. Her investigations of environmental disasters--in Chernobyl, the Marshall Islands, India--consolidated a world acceptance. this can be a compelling account of a rare lady who has nonetheless now not relinquished her undertaking "to make the sufferers visible." Dr. Engels captures the struggles and achievements, the medical and political infighting, and the non-public features that sustained Rosalie Bertell all through a arguable profession. lately named through "Planet in concentration" as "The first Eco-Hero," Bertell has acquired many honours, significantly, the distinguished Swedish Parliament's correct Livelihood Award, the "Alternative Nobel." Her identify appears to be like at the Cambridge collage record of one thousand remarkable ladies of the 20th Century.

Show description

Continue reading