Bureaucracy and Race: Native Administration in South Africa by Ivan Evans

By Ivan Evans

Paperwork and Race overturns the typical assumption that apartheid in South Africa was once enforced in simple terms via terror and coercion. with no understating the position of violent intervention, Ivan Evans exhibits that apartheid was once sustained via a superb and ever-swelling paperwork. the dept of local Affairs (DNA), which had diminished over the past years of the segregation regime, suddenly revived and have become the smug, authoritarian fort of apartheid after 1948. The DNA used to be an enormous participant within the lengthy exclusion of Africans from citizenship and the institution of a racially repressive hard work industry. Exploring the connections among racial domination and bureaucratic development in South Africa, Evans issues out that the DNA's transformation of oppression into "civil management" institutionalized and, for whites, legitimized a immense, coercive bureaucratic tradition, which ensnared hundreds of thousands of Africans in its workings and corrupted the complete nation. Evans makes a speciality of definite positive factors of apartheidthe cross procedure, the "racialization of area" in city parts, and the cooptation of African chiefs within the Bantustansin order to make it transparent that the state's relentless management, no longer its brazenly repressive associations, was once the main virtue of South Africa within the Nineteen Fifties. All observers of South Africa earlier and current and of totalitarian states in normal will keep on with with curiosity the tale of the way the dep. of local Affairs was once the most important in reworking "the inspiration of apartheid" right into a persuasiveand all too durablepractice.

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Extra resources for Bureaucracy and Race: Native Administration in South Africa (Perspectives on Southern Africa)

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4. Dubow, Racial Segregation; Marian Lacey, Working for Boroko: The Origins of a Coercive Labour System in South Africa (Johannesburg, 1981); Tatz, Shadow and Substance. 5. Dubow, Racial Segregation, especially chapter 3. 6. A. Ashforth, The Politics of Official Discourse in Twentieth Century South Africa (Oxford, 1992). 7. D. Hindson, Pass Controls and the Urban African Proletariat in South Africa (Johannesburg, 1987); S. Bekker and R. Humphries, From Control to Confusion: The Changing Role of Administration Boards in South Africa (Pietermaritzburg, 1985); S.

While the department determined the details of a particular case, the “passless Native” was allowed to seek and take up urban employment. The problem was that “in many cases the Native Commissioner of the home district intimates in his reply that the Native is required in that District to fulfill his contractual obligations. The Native, if found in the urban areas, is then sent for and warned to return to the farm, but if he fails to do so the department is powerless to take further action and it then lies with the farmer to initiate proceedings for a contravention of the Masters and Servants Laws and/or the Native Service Contract Act.

By the end of World War II, it was clear that urban issues had eclipsed the department’s emphasis on administration in the reserves. But the formal importance of urban issues was not matched by a concerted administrative response. Accordingly, urban Native administration —or rather, its chaotic condition—become a nemesis of the segregation state. By the mid-1930s, a battery of legislation formally enjoined the department to play a leading role in the organization and management of the labor market.

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