Athens from Cleisthenes to Pericles by Charles W. Fornara

By Charles W. Fornara

Via the mid 5th century B.C., Athens had turn into the main strong city-state in Greece: a wealthy democracy led by means of Pericles that boldly received regulate of an empire. Athens's energy lower than Pericles used to be the results of a fancy interplay of occasions from the time of Cleisthenes. Fornara and Samons resolve the intricacies of the conflicting historic resources to teach how the improvement of either democracy and empire have been interdependent in Athens's multifaceted evolution. The authors hint and distinction 4 stands of improvement: the historical past of the Alcmeonid relatives of Cleisthenes and Pericles, the character and improvement of Athenian democracy, the expansion of Athenian empire, and the burgeoning antagonism among Athens and Sparta. The clean point of view therefore afforded through this transparent presentation will intrigue people with pursuits in either historic economics and politics.The determine of Pericles is valuable to all 4 avenues of inquiry. His selection to create the enmisthos polis marked a fateful flip. Henceforth the democracy and the empire presupposed one another. finally, Pericles's regulations fueled Sparta's becoming lack of confidence, leading to her assertion of conflict on Athens in 431 B.C. and Athens's eventual fall

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R. 249f. [42] Wade-Gery, Essays, p. 164; he borrowed the phrase (as he observed) from W. W. Tarn. [43] Hdt. 1–2; Thuc. 54–59; Arist. Ath. Pol. 3; see Fornara 39 with literature cited there. ― 22 ― Perhaps the most peculiar fact about Cleisthenes, the collaborator and the revolutionary, is his lack of importance in fifth-century tradition. Herodotus, who, of all authorities, should have told us much about him, is not only brief in his characterization but cynical and negative as well. 69). 123, the passage already discussed concernin the Alcmeonid defense.

98ff. 695ab (skolia nos. 10–13 = Fornara 39). The first and fourth state that the tyrannicides achieved isonomia in Athens. ― 43 ― Athens and head of the family, and his assassination made Harmodius and Aristogeiton national heroes almost instantly. 695ab), the words are as follows: I shall bear my sword in a branch of myrtle Like Harmodius and Aristogeiton When they killed the tyrant And achieved isonomia in Athens. The skolion does not exactly bear its meaning on its sleeve. The tyrannicides were slain in 514, having accomplished the assassination of Hipparchus, not the establishment of isonomia in the sense imputed to it by Herodotus and claimed for it by some moderns.

136). Political affiliation with the Alcmeonids is doubted by Forrest, CQ 10 (1960), 233, but reaffirmed by Bicknell, p. 73f. The ostrakon bearing Xanthippus's name (Agora Inv. P 16873) may or may not label the recipient "accursed"; see ML, p. 42, and, most recently, T. J. Figueira, "Xanthippos, Father of Perikles, and the Prutaneis of the Naukraroi, " Historia 35 (1986), 257–65, who rejects the connection with the Alcmeonid curse. [49] It is the conclusion of Herodotus's description of the wedding of Megacles and Agariste: "Thus ended the affair of the suitors, and thus the Alcmaeonidae came to be famous throughout the whole of Greece.

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