By John E. Hobbs
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Extra resources for Applied Climatology. A Study of Atmospheric Resources
St Louis and Edmonton, Fig. 2). Examination of recent chmatic history gives what can best be described as a confusing picture. Global average temperatures rose by about 0-5 °C from the early 1880s to the early 1940s, and have since fallen by 0-2 to 0-3 °C. Such temperature fluctuations are assumed to reflect a systematic change of the planetary heat budget, and have apparently been accompanied by changes of the large-scale atmospheric circulation and other climatic elements. It is hkely that the bulk of the fluctuations can be ascribed to natural causes, particularly the varying load of volcanic dust.
2 Ή Μ Ε SECTIONS OF WINTER M E A N TEMPERATURE AT ST LOUIS A N D E D M O N T O N , WITH T R E N D LINES FOR THE 1950 T O 1964 (After V a n Loon and Williams, 1 9 7 6 ; reproduced from the Monthly of the American Meteorological Society). Weather Review, PERIOD p. 3 6 6 , with the permission significant factor, so that by the next century we may experience global temperatures warmer than those of the last 1000 years. Austrahan and New Zealand temperature data generally do not reflect the trends for the northern hemisphere.
Mt. Isa in Queensland, for example, produces a great deal of sulphur dioxide, vast numbers of very small sulphuric acid particles and relatively few giant particles. The pollution plume can be detected easily up to at least 500 km from Mt. Isa, at which point it is about 300 km wide. The numbers of particles seem to increase downwind, which is surprising. This may be explained by the fact that in the presence of water vapour and under the influence of sunlight the particles are formed by sulphur dioxide changing to sulphuric acid.