Ancient Greece and Rome : An Encyclopedia for Students by Carroll Moulton

By Carroll Moulton

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ANACREON ANAXAGORA5 32 walls and vaults* to support the various levels ofseating. Thedesignof theamphitheaters became more elaboratewell, as with gracefularches covering the walkways, and statues andstone carvings adorningthewalls. Some of the later amphitheaters included rooms, cages foranimals, storage areas, and passageways beneath the floor of thearena, along with pulleydrawn elevators that raised andlowered animals, people, andprops through trapdoors into the arena. Thelargestandmost famous amphitheaterofthisCOLOSSEUM type was in thethe city of Rome.

Aeschylus shows Agamemnon in a much less favorable light—blinded by his high opinion of himself, foolish in his boastfulness, and cruel enough to murder his own daughter. In modern literature, Agamemnon, as a father and husband figure, is the model for a central character in Eugene O'Neill's trilogy, Mourning Becomes Electra (1931), as well as in T S. Eliot's play The Family Reunion (1939). ) AGORA A60RA * city-state independentstate consisting of a city and its surrounding territory he agora, apublic gathering placeinGreekcity-states*, playeda very important roleinancient Greece.

The major food-producing animals of ancient Greece and Rome were pigs, sheep, goats, cattle, and poultry. Pigs were an important source of food in both Greece and Rome. The meat of pigs formed a major part of the Roman diet, and bacon was a standard provision in the Roman army. In addition, the Romans used the dung and urine of pigs as fertilizer. Farmers generally raised sheep and goats in areas where the landscape was too hilly for planting crops. The Greeks and the Romans raised sheep for wool and for meat.

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