By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
The rice belt of Laguna Province, Philippines (popularly referred to as the heartland of the fairway Revolution, for its early adoption of contemporary rice varieties), has skilled dramatic fiscal and social alterations over the last 3 a long time. in addition to the main advances in new rice expertise, 4 significant forces have triggered switch: expanding inhabitants strain on restricted land, implementation of land reform programmes, advancements in infrastructure similar to irrigation and roads, and penetration of city fiscal actions. a special facts set generated from 11 surveys in the course of 1966-97 in a customary village in Laguna, as prepare during this e-book, illustrates a development of socio-economic switch shared by means of many irrigated rice parts within the Philippines in addition to in different Asian economies.
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Additional resources for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
Throughout this book, unless otherwise stated, all the data and statistics referred to in this book (tables and figures as well as text) are collected by the authors mainly based on these eleven-round surveys. In addition to those within-village surveys, we have conducted several other surveys extending beyond the border of East Laguna Village, such as about rice harvesting (Chapter 7), rice marketing (Chapter 8), and rural manufacturing (Chapter 9), which shall be specified where their outcomes will be analysed.
This conviction prepared the eighth-round survey for 1995, with the widest data coverage, for the explicit purpose of making its results the benchmark for the thirty-year historical account. The 1995 survey was supplemented by a partial survey in 1996 on farmers’ households, focusing on the relationship between rice farming and the deterioration in the service of national irrigation system to this village, which has become serious in recent years. Another partial 18 A Rice Village Saga survey limited to farmers’ households was conducted in July 1997 to collect data pertinent to rice marketing.
There is a small chapel (kapilya) in the centre of the village, next to the elementary school. It is common to see the images of Christ and the Virgin Mary in villagers’ houses. Social ceremonies, such as marriages and funerals, are performed by Catholic priests. The biggest annual event in the village is the barrio fiesta on 6 January to celebrate the village’s patron saint. The fiesta is marked by a procession of young girls in their best dresses, often made specially for the day. All are invited to every villager’s feast, involving an extravagant expense relative to the villagers’ income.