A Guide to Old English (8th Edition) by Bruce Mitchell, Fred C. Robinson

By Bruce Mitchell, Fred C. Robinson

Publish 12 months note: First released 1964

A finished creation to outdated English, combining easy, transparent philology with the simplest literary works to supply a compelling and available beginners' guide.

• offers a finished advent to outdated English
• makes use of a pragmatic process fitted to the wishes of the start student
• good points choices from the best works of outdated English literature, equipped from uncomplicated to more difficult texts to maintain speed with the reader
• encompasses a dialogue of Anglo-Saxon literature, background, and tradition, and a bibliography directing readers to helpful guides at the subject
• up to date all through with new fabric together with the 1st 25 strains from Beowulf with exact annotation and a proof of Grimm's and Verner's laws

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Example text

The word stan ‘stone’ has a long vowel and is a long syllable. Such words as cniht ‘young man’ and cræft ‘strength’ have a short vowel. But, since the short vowel is followed by two consonants, the syllable is long; cf. the rules of Latin prosody. g. scip + -es = gen. sg. scipes. The stem of words ending in a vowel can usually be found by dropping the final vowel. So ende has stem end- + -es = gen. sg. endes. §29 Nouns and Sound-Changes Relevant to Them 21 Forms like metodes and bysiie are called ‘trisyllabic’ and the o or i is sometimes called the ‘medial vowel’.

Dæt Dæt Dæs Dum, Dam Df, Don Fem. sbo, sco Da Dure Dure Plural All genders Da Da Dara, Dura Dum, Dam Neut. Dis Dis Disses Dissum Dfs Fem. Dbos Das Disse, Disre Disse Plural All genders Das Das Dissa, Disra Dissum Nom. Acc. Gen. Singular Masc. hb ‘he’ hine his Neut. hit ‘it’ hit his Fem. hbo, hco ‘she’ hce, hc hire Dat. him him hire Nom. Acc. Gen. Dat. Inst. Des ‘this’ §17 Nom. Acc. Gen. Dat. Inst. 1 2 3 Singular Masc. Des Disne Disses Dissum Dfs 3rd Pers. Pron. §18 §19 Singular Masc. se Done Dæs Dum, Dam Df, Don Plural All genders hce, hc ‘they’ hce, hc hira, hiera, heora, hiora him, heom The following similarities in these declensions may be noted: neut.

19. The basic paradigm is the masc. stan: Nom. Acc. Gen. Dat. Singular stan stan stanes stane Plural stanas stanas stana stanum §36 Nouns and Sound-Changes Relevant to Them 23 Notes 1 nom. and acc. sg. the same; 2 nom. and acc. pl. the same – the characteristic strong masc. -as which gives the MnE ‘s’ plural; 3 gen. pl. in -a; 4 dat. pl. in -um. This is spelt -an or -on in some late texts. In the neut. we find Singular Plural Singular Plural Nom. scip scipu word word Acc. scip scipu word word Gen.

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