A general relativity workbook by Thomas A. Moore

By Thomas A. Moore

A basic Relativity Workbook is a textbook meant to help a one-semester undergraduate direction on common relativity. via its precise workbook-based layout, it allows scholars to boost a superior mastery of either the physics and the assisting tensor calculus by way of guiding them to paintings throughout the implications. the math is brought steadily and in a very actual context. every one bankruptcy, that is designed to correspond to at least one type consultation, consists of a brief assessment of the recommendations with out obscuring derivations or info, through a sequence of packing containers that consultant scholars during the technique of operating issues out. This active-learning strategy permits scholars to strengthen a safer mastery of the fabric than extra conventional ways. greater than 350 homework difficulties help extra studying.

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Extra resources for A general relativity workbook

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Any light emitted by a given event E will expand (as time passes) into a spherical surface centered on the event. The projection of this sphere on the xy plane is a circle whose radius expands with time. 3). We call this the event’s light cone. The light cone is important because the worldline of any particle traveling through E must lie within this light-cone (because no particle can travel faster than light), and all events that can be caused by E must lie within this cone. Note that because the metric of spacetime is different than the Pythagorean theorem of ordinary space, the apparent separation of points on a spacetime diagram does not give us any indication of the spacetime interval between them.

1 A train traveling with speed b = 3/5 flashes by a train station. Let event A be the train’s front end passing the east end of the station. Let event B be the train’s back end passing by the east end of the station. An observer on the train station measures that 100 m of time has passed between these events, and therefore concludes that the train is b∆t = 60 m long. a. Use the Lorentz transformation equations to determine the time and distance between these events in the train frame. b. How is the distance between events A and B in the train frame related to the train’s length in the train’s frame?

Another fundamental characteristic of a linear transformation is that it maps the zero vector to the zero vector (a matrix multiplied by a vector whose components are all zero yields zeros as a result). 33 is also zero, implying that four-momentum is conserved in the primed frame as well. Q. E. D. Note that the argument above does not necessarily imply that four-momentum is conserved, only that a law of conservation of four-momentum is consistent with the principle of relativity (in contrast to a law of conservation of newtonian momentum).

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