A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of by Pradyot Patnaik

By Pradyot Patnaik

The definitive consultant to the dangerous homes of chemical compounds

Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their dangerous houses, A complete advisor to the unsafe homes of chemicals, 3rd Edition permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental info exists. hence, it bridges the space among harmful fabrics and chemistry. largely up-to-date and extended, this reference:

  • Examines organics, metals and inorganics, business solvents, universal gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive ingredients, masking every little thing from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to dealing with and disposal practices
  • Arranges detrimental chemical compounds based on their chemical buildings and sensible teams for simple reference
  • contains up-to-date details at the poisonous, flammable, and explosive houses of chemical compounds
  • Covers extra metals within the chapters on poisonous and reactive metals
  • Updates the edge publicity limits within the place of work air for a few components
  • positive aspects the newest info on business solvents and poisonous and flammable gases
  • comprises a number of tables, formulation, and a thesaurus for fast reference

since it presents info that permits people with a chemistry history to accomplish tests with no past facts, this finished reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, in addition to commercial hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat execs, and others in comparable fields.Content:
Chapter 1 Acids, Carboxylic (pages 103–114):
Chapter 2 Acids, Mineral (pages 115–126):
Chapter three Acids, Peroxy (pages 127–133):
Chapter four Alcohols (pages 134–159):
Chapter five Aldehydes (pages 160–192):
Chapter 6 Alkalies (pages 193–199):
Chapter 7 Alkaloids (pages 200–234):
Chapter eight Amines, Aliphatic (pages 235–250):
Chapter nine Amines, fragrant (pages 251–268):
Chapter 10 Asbestos (pages 269–276):
Chapter eleven Azo Dyes (pages 277–285):
Chapter 12 Chlorohydrins (pages 286–293):
Chapter thirteen Cyanides, natural (Nitriles) (pages 294–316):
Chapter 14 Cyanides, Inorganic (pages 317–335):
Chapter 15 Dioxin and comparable Compounds (pages 336–347):
Chapter sixteen Epoxy Compounds (pages 348–369):
Chapter 17 Esters (pages 370–389):
Chapter 18 Ethers (pages 390–401):
Chapter 19 Gases, universal poisonous, and Flammable (pages 402–409):
Chapter 20 Glycol Ethers (pages 410–424):
Chapter 21 Haloethers (pages 425–437):
Chapter 22 Halogenated Hydrocarbons (pages 438–469):
Chapter 23 Halogens, Halogen Oxides, and Interhalogen Compounds (pages 470–483):
Chapter 24 Heterocyclic Compounds (pages 484–495):
Chapter 25 Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Alicyclic (pages 496–515):
Chapter 26 Hydrocarbons, fragrant (pages 516–536):
Chapter 27 commercial Solvents (pages 537–550):
Chapter 28 Isocyanates, natural (pages 551–567):
Chapter 29 Ketones (pages 568–591):
Chapter 30 steel Acetylides and Fulminates (pages 592–597):
Chapter 31 steel Alkoxides (pages 598–601):
Chapter 32 steel Alkyls (pages 602–612):
Chapter 33 steel Azides (pages 613–621):
Chapter 34 steel Carbonyls (pages 622–629):
Chapter 35 steel Hydrides (pages 630–642):
Chapter 36 Metals, Reactive (pages 643–649):
Chapter 37 Metals, poisonous (pages 650–668):
Chapter 38 Mustard fuel and Sulfur Mustards (pages 669–673):
Chapter 39 Nerve Gases (pages 674–690):
Chapter forty Nitro Explosives (pages 691–703):
Chapter forty-one Oxidizers (pages 704–714):
Chapter forty two Particulates (pages 715–718):
Chapter forty three Peroxides, natural (pages 719–740):
Chapter forty four insecticides and Herbicides: type, constitution, and research (pages 741–745):
Chapter forty five insecticides, Carbamate (pages 746–761):
Chapter forty six insecticides, Organochlorine (pages 762–781):
Chapter forty seven insecticides, Organophosphorus (pages 782–803):
Chapter forty eight Herbicides, Chlorophenoxy Acid (pages 804–810):
Chapter forty nine Herbicides, Triazine (pages 811–816):
Chapter 50 Herbicides, Urea (pages 817–820):
Chapter fifty one Phenols (pages 821–833):
Chapter fifty two Phosphorus and Its Compounds (pages 834–853):
Chapter fifty three Polychlorinated Biphenyls (pages 854–862):
Chapter fifty four Radon and Radioactive elements (pages 863–866):
Chapter fifty five Sulfate Esters (pages 867–871):
Chapter fifty six Sulfur?Containing Organics (Miscellaneous) (pages 872–881):
Chapter fifty seven Miscellaneous ingredients (pages 882–898):

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824 ð 103 K T2 D 332 K SOLUBILITY or T2 D 332 K 273 D 59° C 138° F Thus, the boiling point of 2-bromopropane should theoretically be equal to 59° C 138° F . The actual boiling point determined experimentally is 60° C 140° F , which agrees very closely with the above calculation. B VAPOR DENSITY It is often necessary to know whether the vapors of a hazardous substance is heavier than air. For example, vapors of a flammable liquid, such as, diethyl ether are heavier than air and can present a “flashback” fire hazard.

The toxic actions of these and others are discussed in Part B of this text. C IMMUNE SYSTEM: IMMUNOTOXICANTS The immune system protects the host against viruses, bacteria, fungus, other foreign organisms and cells, as well as neoplasm. Many toxicants are known to suppress the function of the immune system. Such substances can lower the body’s resistance to bacterial and viral infection. The mode of actions of immunotoxicants are wide, showing a variety of effects. These include immunosuppression, immunodysfunction, and autoimmunity.

It is calculated by dividing the molar mass of the substance with that of air. 20 mol O2 ð D 29 g/mol 1 mol O2 1 mol air Thus, to determine the vapor density of a compound, we divide its formula weight by 29, as in the following example: Problem 1. Determine the vapor density of (i) diethyl ether and (ii) hydrogen cyanide. (i) The molecular formula of diethyl ether is (C2 H5 )2 O, and its formula 11 weight is 74. 55. 55 (air D 1) (ii) The formula weight for hydrogen cyanide, HCN is 27. 93. 93 (air D 1).

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