By Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary
This reissued variation (originally released via McGraw-Hill in 1985) of "A Century of Psychology as technological know-how" assesses the accomplishments, prestige and customers of psychology on the finish of its first century as a technology, whereas providing a brand new postscript. The essays replicate the forty three participants' particular disciplines, but converse to the wider thematic factor of "fundamental psychology". one of the fields addressed are sensory procedures and notion, studying, motivation, emotion, cognition, improvement, character and social psychology. This paintings reports psychology's first century and goals to supply a clean perception on psychology because it enters its moment century.
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The behav ior as such is akin to the results of an opinion poll. One can gauge from these the 69 I . T H E SYSTEMATIC F R A M E W O R K OF P S Y C H O L O G Y most common position adopted from a range of options but not the (covert) deter minants of the choice itself. Thus, 80 percent of a sample may oppose homicide, but from this fact (this "rate of responding") nothing of explanatory import can be extracted. The opposition might be based on the general desire not to have the tax base shrink or on fears of the sanitation problems created by unconstrained and mortal assaults.
Robinson, D. N. Toward a science of human nature: Essays on the psychologies of Hegel,. Mill, Wundt and lames. New York: Columbia U niversity Press, 1983. Skinner, B. F. About beha�iorism. New York: Knopf, 1 974. Tolman, E. C. Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 1948, 55, 1 89-208. Winch, P. The idea of a social science and its relation to philosophy. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1958. 74 4 The Nature and Limits of Psychological Knowledge LESSONS OF A CENTURY QUA "SCIENCE"* SIGMUND KOCH Throughout the nineteenth century (and indeed, before) an independent scientific psychology was vigorously invited.
It is perhaps the ultimate genius of the race ! 76 The Disciplinary Status of Psychology If you are a psychologist or social scientist, test any systematic formulation of your choice (whether learning-theoretic, systems-theoretic, information-theoretic, cog nitive-genetic, cybernetic or, indeed, phenomenologico-hermeneutic, or, just maybe, behavior-therapeutic) against the following "epistemopathic" peregrinations of the inquiring impulse. ) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1 0. 11. 1 2. 13. Jargon and "word magic.